Learn About Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums surrounding your teeth. Gum disease is one of the top reasons for tooth loss in adults and, because it is virtually pain-free, many patients do not know they have the disease.

During each regular checkup, Maidu Dental dentists and hygienists will check for signs of periodontal disease by measuring the pockets between your teeth and gums.

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WHAT CAUSES GUM DISEASE?

Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque (a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth). If the plaque is not removed (by flossing, brushing and regular dental cleanings), it will continue to build up and create toxins that can damage the bone surrounding the teeth and the gums. Periodontal disease affects the space below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.

  • Gingivitis — This is the early stage of gum disease, when the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is treatable and can usually be eliminated by a thorough professional dental cleaning and daily brushing and flossing.
  • Periodontitis — If left untreated, gingivitis will advance into periodontitis and the gums and bone that support the teeth will become seriously and irreversibly damaged. Periodontitis can cause teeth to become painful, loose or fall out or may result in the recommendation for removal by a dentist.
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Certain factors can increase a patient’s risk of developing periodontal disease, including:

  • Smoking or using chewing tobacco
  • Diabetes
  • Certain types of medication such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
  • Bridges that no longer fit properly
  • Crooked teeth
  • Old fillings and old crowns
  • Pregnancy

While it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, some symptoms can include:

  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Permanent teeth that are loose or separating (shifting)
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Any change in the fit of partial dentures

TREATING GUM DISEASE

Treatments for gum disease can vary depending on the severity of each individual case. Typical treatments include:

  • Non-surgical treatments such as at-home periodontal trays and scaling and root planing (deep cleaning)
  • Periodontal surgery and laser gum surgery
  • Dental implants

PREVENTING GUM DISEASE

Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are important for maintaining your health and the health of your smile. You don’t have to lose teeth to periodontal disease and, by practicing good oral hygiene at home, you can significantly reduce your chances of ever getting gum disease. Remember to brush regularly, clean between your teeth, eat a balanced diet and schedule regular dental visits to help keep your smile healthy.

Please contact our office to schedule an appointment at (530) 823-8771.